Abandoned structure in Vellore

This ruined structure of some antiquity was spotted adjacent to the Highway NH 48 /AH 45 about 10 kms from Vellore near a place called Abdullapuram. It is just before the road turning to the Sripuram golden temple.

A teashop owner near the structure told me that it is called ‘mall’ (?) and was ‘built by the raja for his use”. Probably he meant one of the nawabs.

Now it is being used as a cattle shed. Being very close to a National highway, its days are definitely numbered.

Can someone throw some light on this structure and its history?


3 thoughts on “Abandoned structure in Vellore

  1. What a shame. It resembles Bundhelkund architecture of Madhya Pradesh. It is very Hindu in style and I do not see islamic elements except the central doorway.

    The answer lies in the history extracted from the net.

    “Vellore has seen a plethora of dynasties stake claim over it such as the Cholas, Pandyas, Vijayanagar, Pallavas, Hoysalas, Chalukyas, Sambhurvarayars, Rashtrakutas, Carnatic dynasty, Mughals, Bijapur Sultans, Marathas, French and British. The history of Vellore dates back to the 9th century as depicted in Chola inscriptions in the Annamalaiyar Temple in Tiruvannamalai. There are inscriptions found from before the 9th century pointing to the rule of the Pallava kings. The Chola Kings took the reins from 850 to 1280. After the Cholas, came the Rashtrakutas, the later Cholas, Reddys and Vijayanagar kings. During the 17th century, Vellore came under the dominion of the Nawab of Carnatic.
    Vellore Fort was built by Chinna Bommi Reddy and Thimma Reddy Nayak, subordinate chieftains under Sadasiva Raya of the Vijayanagara Empire in the year of 1566 AD.[2] Vellore Fort gained strategic prominence following the re-establishment of Vijayanagar rule with Chandragiri as their 4th capital after the Talikota battle. The Aravidu Dynasty that held the title of Rayas in 17th century resided in this fort, using it as a base in the battle of Toppur in the 1620s. This major battle took place for the claiming of the Raya title between two factions of the Raya family. Each faction included their respective subordinates: the Nayaks of Tanjore, the Gingee and the Madurai taking sides to suit their interests.

    The Rayas also had long-running battles with their longtime rivals, the Bijapur Sultans, and with the Nayaks of Madurai and the Gingee over non-remittance of annual tributes. In the 1640s, during the reign of Sriranga Raya III, the fort was briefly captured by the Bijapur army, but was eventually recaptured with the help of the Nayaks of Tanjore.

    During Sriranga Raya’s reign in 1614, a coup broke out within the royal family and the reigning Emperor Sriranga Raya and his royal family were murdered by the rival factions of the royal family, with the younger son Rama Deva Raya of the emperor smuggled out from the fort by supporting factions of the emperor. These events led to the Battle of Toppur in 1616, one of the largest South Indian wars of the century.[3


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